About the Job
Clearance Divers (CD) are the Australian Defence Force specialist divers and form part of the Mine Warfare and Clearance Diving Group (MCDGRP). CD tasks include complex diving missions to depths of 60 metres, surface and underwater demolitions, and the rendering safe and disposal of conventional explosive ordnance and improvised explosive devices.
During their careers, CDs will be rotated through the following sea and shore positions:
Huon Class Mine Hunter Coastal (MHC) Vessels
CDs are posted to these ships to provide specialist diving capability involving the use of self-contained mixed gas equipment for mine counter-measures tasks. Mine counter-measures missions focus on the prosecution and disposal of sea mines. Additional duties include upper deck Seaman part-of-ship duties during sea service within Australia and overseas. These ships are based at HMAS Waterhen in Sydney.
Australian Clearance Diving Teams (AUSCDTs)
Located in Sydney and Perth, AUSCDTs provide Navy with scalable and deployable tactical capability across the key range of tasks. CDs can be employed in the following operational AUSCDT elements:
- Expeditionary Reconnaissance and Clearance (ERC). Conducting reconnaissance and mine countermeasures in littoral environments in support of amphibious operations. These missions can involve the use of specialist diving equipment, including closed circuit and semi-closed circuit rebreathers and handheld sonars.
- Underwater Damage Repair (UDR). UDR missions include diving on surface-supplied and self-contained air equipment, primarily for the maintenance and repair of ships' underwater fittings. These missions can involve the use of underwater electric, explosive-power, hydraulic and pneumatic tools for major repairs and salvage operations.
- Maritime Explosive Ordnance Disposal (MEOD). MEOD missions include the rendering safe and disposal of Military Ordnance, Improvised Explosive Devices and obstructions both on land and underwater. These missions can involve the use of Remote Positioning Vehicles (ROV), Portable X-Ray devices and high powered disruptors.
2nd Commando Regiment
CDs are selected to conduct Maritime Counter Terrorism (MCT) duties within 2nd Commando Regiment in support of Tactical Assault Group-East (TAG-E). TAG-East provides Government with options to employ Special Forces capability at short notice in support of Joint ADF Operations. CDs specialise in the planning and conduct of MCT missions utilising a range of insertion methods and employ niche skill-sets and specialist equipment that include the extensive use of small arms.
Major Fleet Units (MFUs)
CDs are often posted to Major Fleet Units to provide specialist knowledge and advice to Command and supervise ships diving and demolitions teams. CDs will also conduct upper deck Seaman part-of-ship duties during sea service within Australia and overseas. These ships are based in Sydney and Perth.
CDs are posted to the ADF Diving School and Defence Explosive Ordnance Training School (DEOTS), both located in Sydney, for instructional duties. The ADF Diving School conducts CD selection and the majority of CD career training courses and general fleet diving and demolition courses. Instructors at DEOTS conduct Joint Explosive Ordnance Reconnaissance and Disposal training for career advancement. A small number of CDs also support instruction of submariners at the Submarine Escape and Rescue Centre in Perth.
Operational and Support Roles
CDs are regularly posted to: positions in support of ADF Operations, a formed Task Group, international exchange positions or capability support positions providing administrative support within the MCDGRP. These positions are in various locations and are usually highly sought after, often working with a variety of military and civilian agencies.
1. CD candidates must successfully complete the following phases of initial training to qualify as Clearance Divers:
Phase 1: RAN Recruit Training - (61 Days)
Phase 2: Preliminary introductory dive and fitness test of suitability - (1 Day)
Phase 3: Clearance Divers Aptitude Assessment - (2 Weeks)
Phase 4: Clearance Divers Initial Employment Training (IET) - (50 Weeks)
2. The four phases of initial CD training are very physically demanding, therefore it is essential that candidates possess a high degree of physical fitness before joining the Navy. CD applicants are tested to increasingly higher fitness standards at every phase of training to ensure they are pre-conditioned for the physical requirements throughout their career.
Have you considered these other roles
- Maritime Warfare Officer Submariner
- Combat Systems Operator - Mine Warfare
- Maritime Warfare Officer
- Military Police
- Combat & Security
Other Ranks - Non Technical
Join the ADF with appropriate high school passes
Your salary once trained:
On completion of your initial military training and initial employment training, you could earn:
Plus generous superannuation
This is calculated from the salary offered on completion of military and employment training of $67,560 per year*, plus a Service Allowance of $14,556 per year. This provides allowance for the unique requirements of service life.
To assist you in maintaining your uniforms in good order and condition, you will receive a Uniform Allowance of $419 per year after commissioning.
For periods when you may be serving on a ship you will also receive a Maritime Allowance of $12,698 per year.
Refer to the Salary Scales for further details.
* Note: These figures do not include compulsory deductions for taxation and superannuation or deductions for meals, accommodation and utilities (only if applicable).
Clearance Diving positions you can expect to be posted are primarily located in the following locations:
- MCD Group, AUSCDT ONE and the Mine Hunter Coastal fleet - HMAS Waterhen in Waverton
- ADF Diving School - HMAS Penguin at Balmoral Beach
- Defence Explosive Ordnance Training School - Orchard Hills
- MCD Task Group and Major Fleet Units - Garden Island Naval Base in Woolloomooloo and
- 2nd Commando Regiment - Holsworthy
- AUSCDT FOUR, Major Fleet Units and the Submarine Escape Rescue Centre is located at HMAS Stirling in Rockingham
Should be aged between 17 and 53 years inclusive on day of entry.
Applicants will not normally be allowed to enter the ADF until they achieve a minimum of 17 years of age, however they may be able to initiate the application process from 16 years and six months of age, depending upon the capacity of their local recruiting centre.
Education & Experience
The minimum educational standard to be eligible to apply for entry is successful completion of Year 10, which must include passes in English and Mathematics.
Medical & Fitness
To be appointed, you must be medically and physically fit for entry into the ADF. This is partially assessed from the completion of an extensive questionnaire covering your medical history, followed by a physical examination.
You will also be required to successfully pass a physical fitness test before appointment.
Service as a Clearance Diver is physically and mentally demanding and requires a high level of individual robustness, strength and endurance. Training can extend over 18-hour days and seven-day weeks, and involve very heavy physical activity. Therefore, you must be medically and physically fit to undertake Clearance Diver training.
Your medical fitness will be assessed by a doctor, prior to enlistment. This assessment will require you to complete an extensive questionnaire covering your medical history and it will be followed by a comprehensive physical examination.
For more details on medical and physical standards refer to 'Physical Fitness Standards for Entry into the ADF' and 'Medical Process for Entry into the ADF'.
Applicants must pass a diving medical before being able to join the CD workgroup. Certain illnesses and disabilities relating to diving, particularly pulmonary complaints such as asthma will normally disbar applicants.
Note: The physical standards for Clearance Diving are currently under review and will be communicated when finalised and endorsed. The below description is the old standard and provides an indication of the standard required. The current standard to begin training is to be in date for the RAN fitness test and to complete a preliminary dive.
Old standard: You will also be required to successfully pass a Physical Fitness Assessment (PFA) before enlistment. This PFA requires you to achieve a higher standard than the general entry fitness level for the Navy. You must be able to complete:+
- 30 push ups
- 25 sit-ups and
- Beep test (shuttle run) to level 10.1
Navy Swim Test
You must also pass the swim test and physical fitness test to graduate from your Navy Training and to proceed to the Safety of Life at Sea Training that is a requirement for Recruit School and Officer training.
The Navy Swim test consists of:
- A safety jump off a 3m tower in overalls
- 10m underwater swim in overalls
- 50m swim using three safety strokes and
- Tread water or float for 15 mins (removal of overalls optional)
Note: You will find it much easier to pass the swimming test if you undertake swimming training before you join.
Period of Service
You will be enlisted for an Initial Minimum Period of Service (IMPS) of six years. On enlistment if you elect to serve an open ended enlistment, you will be able to serve until retirement age, subject to your continued suitability for service. If you elect to serve for a fixed period of service, subsequent periods of service may be offered subject to the requirements of the ADF and your suitability for further service.
Your Careers Coach can advise on how IMPS will relate to your chosen occupation.
It is essential to hold a current unrestricted Australian Class 1 (or equivalent) Motor Vehicle licence (a 'P2' Provisional/Probationary Licence is acceptable) endorsed with manual transmission. Where a current Provisional/Probationary (P2) Licence is held, the holder must have had a minimum of 12 months (P1 P2 combined) driving experience. Consideration may be given to applicants who will achieve necessary licence requirements by completion of employment training.
The holder of the licence must also be free of traffic infringements that may cause future cancellation of the licence.
The application process to join the Australian Defence Force requires you to complete a series of aptitude tests which may include verbal, spatial and numerical ability and a general maths test. Some jobs may also require you to complete additional testing at a later date.
Psychology support staff will explain what is involved with each test.
The aptitude tests provide information about your suitability for the Defence Force and for particular jobs. Defence Force Recruiting can then help you identify jobs that best match your abilities.
Further information on the aptitude testing requirements can be found here.
Only Australian Citizens are permitted to serve in the ADF.
If you are a permanent resident of Australia, the ADF may consider a temporary waiver of the citizenship requirement if the position for which you are applying cannot be filled by an applicant who meets all the citizenship requirements, and then only in exceptional circumstances. You will be required to obtain Australian Citizenship as early as possible following enlistment or appointment.
The security clearance is critical to an applicant’s successful progression through to Navy employment and training. It is strongly recommended that all applicants provide the required documents as early as possible in the recruiting process to avoid any delays in their training and employment.
Details regarding the security requirements for all Navy jobs can be found here.
Duration: 11 weeks
Location: Crib Point, Victoria
The Recruit School at HMAS Cerberus is situated on Western Port Bay, Victoria about 70 kilometres south east of Melbourne. The school has its own administration building, accommodation blocks and classrooms and operates as an independent unit within the greater training environment of Cerberus.
The eleven week recruit course is designed to give you sufficient knowledge and skills on which to base your navy career. The course includes both classroom and practical activities. Most subjects are individually tested. Examinations are set to ensure recruits are sufficiently prepared to undertake further specialist training at category schools. Private study areas are available in the school and a Duty Instructor is available for assistance during non-instructional hours.
Recruits, who successfully complete the course including the Navy Swimming Test , participate in a Graduation Parade, which is normally held on the Friday of the last week of training. Recruits will have the opportunity to invite family and friends to view the parade.
After graduation, personnel will be posted to category schools at Cerberus or at other training establishments throughout Australia.
During Military (Initial Recruit) Training and Initial Employment Training (IET), members may be required to pay a contribution towards meals, accommodation and utilities, depending on a number of factors.
Course Duration: 52 weeks
Clearance Diver Selection Test - 2 Weeks
Clearance Diver Initial Employment Training - 50 Weeks (approximately)
The Clearance Diving Course is based at the ADF Diving School located within HMAS Penguin, Sydney, NSW.
Phase 1: Recruit Training - Prior to enlistment.
Phase 2: Preliminary introductory dive and fitness test of suitability - during Recruit training at ADF Dive School
Phase 3: Clearance Divers Aptitude Assessment Test - During week one of your Clearance Diver Aptitude Assessment Test you will be required to meet RAN Fitness Test and Swim Test requirements.
Phase 4: Clearance Divers IET - You will conduct programmed daily physical training designed to develop strength and conditioning to support your future career..
Candidates must successfully complete the Clearance Diver Selection Test and be recommended by a selection panel to undertake further training. If you do not complete the Clearance Diver Selection Test or are not recommended to continue further training, you may be required to:
- Transfer to another employment workgroup (subject to Navy requirements) or
- Discharge At Own Request (DAOR)