Find out what you'll be doing
About the Job
Electronic Warfare (EW) Sailors are responsible for using sensitive computerised electronic receivers that can detect, classify, identify, locate and record emissions in a ship's vicinity.
EW Sailors are an integral branch of the Naval Warfare Community and the Action Information Organisation (AIO). They are required to operate an intricate array of equipment that provides Electronic Intelligence (ELINT). The EW Sailor's responsibilities include: intelligence, surveillance, threat warning and providing Command with identification of non-communications emissions. More often than not, the EW Sailor will be the first to detect a threat to the ship, and will be involved in defeating this threat throughout the entire engagement cycle, including the employment of countermeasures.
The Electronic Warfare Sailor will not only be taught how to operate the Electronic Warfare equipment, but also how to operate, exploit, and defend the electromagnetic spectrum in an extremely complicated electromagnetic environment. They form part of the core war fighting capability within a warship and are employed in the ship's operations room. As a key member of the Navy Warfare Community, the EW Sailor is part of a highly trained and internationally respected maritime force. The ability of the Navy to conduct operations depends on a number of factors, with the professional skills and dedication of EW sailors an integral part of this capability.
The Initial Electronic Warfare course provides the skills required to join a Ship's Electronic Warfare Team and confidently operate the Electronic Warfare and Anti-Ship Missile Defence (ASMD) systems fitted. The equipment consists of Passive Sensors and both Active and Passive countermeasures. With the successful deployment of countermeasures, the Electronic Warfare operator can assist in defending their ship or task group against multiple missile attacks.
Electronic Warfare sailors will also have the opportunity to develop their analytical ELINT skills in many shore locations. ELINT that is collected at sea can be further exploited in laboratories and is used to build a library of information that can then be used in an operational environment. EW sailors are able to easily transfer their skills from a tactical to strategic environment, and help Navy and other allied commands to be better prepared to defend against threats at sea.
In the first six years you will complete Recruit Training and Initial Entry category Training and serve at sea for a minimum of twelve months on a Major Fleet Unit. Shore postings for EW sailors are available in most mainland Australian States and Territories.
FULL JOB DETAILS
Other Ranks - Non Technical
Join the ADF with appropriate high school passes
Salary & Allowances
Salary while undertaking Military (Recruit) Training: $1,434 per fortnight ($37,302 per year).*
Salary while undertaking Initial Employment Training: $1,639 per fortnight ($42,631 per year).*
While under training, you will also receive $387 per fortnight ($10,493 per year pro rata) Trainee Allowance.
Salary (excluding allowances) on completion of Initial Employment Training: $2,049 per fortnight ($53,289 per year).*
In addition to your salary, you will also receive Service Allowance of $538 per fortnight ($13,991 per year) except while undertaking Military (Initial) or Employment training. This allowance compensates a member for the unique requirements that service life may impose on an individual and his or her family.
To assist you in maintaining your uniforms in good order and condition, you will also receive a Uniform Allowance of $16 per fortnight ($419 per year).
Each General Entry job in the Australian Defence Force is classified into a pay grade. This particular job is classified as a Pay Grade 3 occupation.
Salary will continue to increase based on rank and the number of years of service completed in that rank. Pay grade may also increase following the acquisition of additional skills and completion of advanced courses. Refer to the Salary Scales for further details.
* Please note that these figures do not include compulsory deductions for taxation; meals, accommodation and utilities (as applicable); and superannuation.
All Electronic Warfare Sailors will serve in Major Fleet Units based in either Fleet Base East (Sydney, NSW) or Fleet Base West (Rockingham, WA), and shore establishments throughout mainland Australia. Possible options include:
- Canberra, ACT (Intelligence support)
- Fleet Base East, Sydney (Port Services)
- HMAS Stirling, Rockingham WA (Port Services and Intelligence support)
- HMAS Watson, Sydney (EW Instructor)
- RAAF Base Edinburgh (Intelligence support)
Applicants must be aged between 17 and 53 years of age inclusive on entry.Applicants will not be allowed to enter the ADF until they achieve a minimum of 17 years of age, however they may be able to initiate the application process from 16 years and six months of age, depending upon the capacity of their local recruiting centre.
Education & Experience
The minimum educational standard for entry to the Electronic Warfare Category is successful completion of Year 10 level, which must include passes in English and Mathematics. A pass in Science (Physics component) is desirable.
If you do not satisfy the education requirements for this trade or do not possess evidence of your educational attainment there is an alternative pathway available to you.
You may be eligible to sit an Alternative Education Equivalency (AEE) assessment to ascertain your ability at the required educational level for this trade.
Further information is available here.
Medical & Fitness
To be appointed, you must be medically and physically fit for entry into the ADF. This is partially assessed from the completion of an extensive questionnaire covering your medical history, followed by a physical examination.
You must also pass the swim test and physical fitness test to graduate from your Navy Training and to proceed to the Safety of Life at Sea Training that is a requirement for Recruit School and Officer training.
Royal Australian Navy Swim Test (RANST)
The RANST is conducted to ensure the Navy's duty of care to all serving personnel, with respect to rudimentary swimming skills. The purpose of the RANST is to ensure fundamental water survival skills as a prerequisite to training such as survival at sea training.
Individual components of the RANST are fundamentally related to the survival at sea scenario. Competency in the RANST is achieved through successful completion of each component comprising:
- A safety jump off a 3m tower in overalls
- A 10m underwater swim in overalls
- A 50m swim using three safety strokes
- The ability to tread water or float for 15 mins in overalls
Note: You will find it much easier to pass the swimming test if you undertake swimming training before you join.
All personnel will undertake the RANST upon entry and competency is to be achieved within 15 weeks from commencement of initial training. Failure of any one component will constitute failure of the entire RANST and no waivers will be granted.
For more details on medical and physical fitness standards refer to Physical Fitness Standards for Entry into the ADF , Medical Process for Entry into the ADF and Physical Employment Standards once you're in the ADF
Period of Service
You will be enlisted for an Initial Minimum Period of Service (IMPS) of six years. On enlistment if you elect to serve an open ended enlistment, you will be able to serve until retirement age, subject to your continued suitability for service. If you elect to serve for a fixed period of service, subsequent periods of service may be offered subject to the requirements of the ADF and your suitability for further service. Your Careers Counsellor can advise on how IMPS will relate to your chosen occupation.
The application process to join the Australian Defence Force requires you to complete a series of aptitude tests which may include verbal, spatial and numerical ability and a general maths test. Some jobs may also require you to complete additional testing at a later date.
Psychology support staff will explain what is involved with each test.
The aptitude tests provide information about your suitability for the Defence Force and for particular jobs. Defence Force Recruiting can then help you identify jobs that best match your abilities.
Further information on the aptitude testing requirements can be found here.
Only Australian Citizens are permitted to serve in the ADF.
If you are a permanent resident of Australia, the ADF may consider a temporary deferral of the citizenship requirement if the position for which you are applying cannot be filled by an applicant who meets all the citizenship requirements, and then only in exceptional circumstances. You will be required to obtain Australian Citizenship as early as possible following enlistment or appointment.
The security clearance is critical to an applicant’s successful progression through to Navy employment and training. It is strongly recommended that all applicants provide the required documents as early as possible in the recruiting process to avoid any delays in their training and employment.
Details regarding the security requirements for all Navy jobs can be found here.
Duration: 11 weeks
Location: Crib Point, Victoria
The Recruit School at HMAS Cerberus is situated on Western Port Bay, Victoria about 70 kilometres south east of Melbourne. The school has its own administration building, accommodation blocks and classrooms and operates as an independent unit within the greater training environment of Cerberus.
The eleven week recruit course is designed to give you sufficient knowledge and skills on which to base your Navy career. The course includes both classroom and practical activities. Most subjects are individually tested. Examinations are set to ensure recruits are sufficiently prepared to undertake further specialist training at category schools. Private study areas are available in the school and a Duty Instructor is available for assistance during non-instructional hours.
When you are offered a General Entry job in the Navy, you will receive Joining Instructions for the Recruit Training Course. These instructions will provide you with a good indication of the daily routine while at the recruit school and what will be expected of you during your training. This information is also available by accessing the Navy recruit school web site.
Recruits, who successfully complete the course including the Navy Swimming Test , participate in a Graduation Parade, which is normally held on the Friday of the last week of training. Recruits will have the opportunity to invite family and friends to view the parade.
After graduation, personnel will be posted to category schools at Cerberus or at other training establishments throughout Australia.
During Military (Initial Recruit) Training and Initial Employment Training (IET), members may be required to pay a contribution towards meals, accommodation and utilities, depending on a number of factors.
Basic Seamanship Course
Location: HMAS Cerberus
Duration: 4 weeks
This course covers all aspects of basic seamanship, including:
- Boat work - crew, maintenance and navigation of power boats
- Rigging - working all types of cordage and wire ropes, understanding splicing, maintenance of all forms of rigging, blocks, slips and shackles
- Anchor work - maintenance of ships and boats anchors and cables, and acting as a member of a ship's cable party
- Helmsmanship - steering the ship
- Ships Husbandry and Corrosion Control - cleanliness and maintenance of all parts of a ship (except machinery spaces)
- General - a working knowledge of ship organisation, routines, survival at sea and Rule of the Road for the prevention of collision at sea
Initial Electronic Warfare Course
Location: HMAS Watson, Watsons Bay, Sydney, NSW
Duration: 27 Weeks
In this phase of training you will undergo Electronic Warfare and emission analysis technique training at HMAS Watson, Watsons Bay, Sydney NSW.
On completion of this phase of training you will remain at HMAS Watson to undergo further ship specific and equipment application training.
Whilst conducting the Initial Electronic Warfare Course, Sailors will cover:
- EW Theory: includes Basic Radar/Radio Theory and mathematics
- Introduction to EW: Electronic Support, Electronic Attack, Electronic Protection and the Electromagnetic Spectrum
- Introduction to the Action Information Organisation: includes internal and external voice reporting procedures over radio circuits, communications, stateboards, AIO roles/responsibilities
- Regional Electronic Order Of Battle
- Associated Radar to Weapon exercises
- Equipment Application Courses: Electronic Support, Command and Control, Decoys and Countermeasures, Introduction to the Common Operating Picture